Huge 4 kilo gold nugget discovered in Victoria Australia

August 25th, 2016

Fridays-Joy-4 kilo gold nugget image www.www=globalcommodities.com

An Australian prospector has discovered a massive 145-ounce gold nugget worth more than $250,000.

Dubbed ‘Friday’s Joy’, the nugget was found with a Minelab metal detector in an already work-over area at the southern edge of central Victoria’s Golden Triangle, an area well known for yielding gold, finding the top of the nugget only around 30cm below the ground.

The prospector who found the nugget wanted to stay anonymous.

“I thought it was rubbish at first, maybe an old horseshoe,” the man said,“I was in total disbelief as I didn’t think nuggets of this size were still around.”

An avid prospector – having prospected for more than ten years – the man had an agreement with his other gold prospecting enthusiast friends to split the proceeds on any large gold item found when they went prospecting together.

Upon the find, he was unsure of what to do at first.

“It’s like catching a big fish and not knowing what to do with it,” he said.

“I washed it in water, covered it in aluminium foil and kept it in my oven on the first night.”

The man did not intend to quit his job and retire, instead aiming to buy a van and travel around Australia, sightseeing and prospecting.

The nugget is currently in a bank vault, with a replica in construction. Plans for an auction are also underway.

Minelab’s regional sales and marketing director Fraser Kendall said the company was thrilled a customer made such a discovery.

“He was prospecting in an area that others had clearly worked over and this just goes to show that there’s plenty of gold still coming out of Victoria,” he said.

Kendall added that the nugget was on par with the 159.3 ounce ‘Cindy’s Pride’, and surpassed prospector Mick Brown’s 87-ounce ‘Fair Dinkum’ gold nugget found last year near the Wedderburn, around 200km north of Melbourne; it was later auctioned for $175,000.

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Henry Sapiecha

A commodities rebound is moving fast forward right on China’s doorstep

August 21st, 2016

China may be slowing, but a commodities rebound is under way and the world’s biggest miner knows where the next growth story is building – emerging economies in South-east Asia.

Combined gross domestic product in the ASEAN-5 nations – Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam – will rise about a third to $US3 trillion ($3.9 trillion) in the five years to 2020, fuelling commodities-intensive infrastructure projects. Momentum like this across Asia will help maintain and increase commodity demand, BHP Billiton’s chief executive Andrew Mackenzie said this week.

BHP’s staggering loss explained

Fairfax resources writer Peter Ker breaks down what’s behind BHP Billiton’s enormous $8.3 billion loss.

“People have been so used to believing that commodities was a China story, and that with China decelerating where’s the growth going to come from?” Nathan Lim, Sydney-based head of research for Morgan Stanley’s wealth management division, said by phone. “That incremental demand is coming from the emerging markets, and that’s the part people don’t have their head around.”

commodities -graph-2 image www.www-globalcommodities.com

Thailand is considering more than $US50 billion of infrastructure spending, while Vietnam has begun major projects including a $US10 billion rail modernisation, Indonesia is seeking to accelerate road to ports programs and Philippine President Rodrigo Duerte has promised new railroads and airport runways. These markets are “back on their growth path after a period of under-performance”, according to Lim.

Financial crisis

Commodities surged the most in the first half since the 2008 financial crisis as China’s economy stabilised and policy makers backed growth. The World Bank forecasts commodities will rebound next year after hitting the bottom of the cycle and Citigroup agrees, saying last month it’s bullish on raw materials for 2017.

A bellwether of commodities’ demand is steel. New demand across South-east Asia is seen increasing the market for China’s steel exports, which notched record volumes in the first seven months of 2016 and have supported rising iron ore imports.

China is already exporting about 12 per cent of its output and could raise sales overseas further, according to BHP’s Mackenzie. India will also import more iron ore, as will nations across Southe-ast Asia, he told analysts in a presentation Tuesday.

steel-worker-at-work image www.www-globalcommodities.com

Commodities surged the most in the first half since the 2008 financial crisis as China’s economy stabilised and policy makers backed growth. Photo: Jessica Shapiro

Steel proxy

“We look to use steel as a proxy, though you would naturally find the same dynamics for other commodities as well, whether it’s aluminium or copper or bauxite,” Morgan Stanley’s Lim said. Steel demand in the ASEAN-5 will grow at about 6 per cent this year and in 2017 on infrastructure building, according to the World Steel Association. Consumption of 74.6 million tons in 2017 will be more than in regions including Africa and the Middle East, and compares to forecast demand in China of 626.1 million tons, the association said in April.

Fortescue Metals Group, the No. 4 iron ore exporter, said in March it saw emerging sources of steel demand across Asia and in India. China is no longer the sole driver for the $US120 billion copper market, according to Andrew Cole, chief executive of OZ Minerals, a producer that’s also developing Australia’s biggest unmined deposit of the metal.

BHP's CEO Andrew Mackenzie image www.www-globalcommodities.com

Momentum across Asia will bolster commodity demand, BHP’s CEO Andrew Mackenzie said this week. Photo: Bloomberg

“Global demand for copper is becoming increasingly diversified, both geographically and by industry sector,” he said in an August 10 interview with Bloomberg Television. “We are seeing increasing diversification through other counties outside of China, which is an important factor that we need to remember.”

commodities-graph image www.www-globalcommodities.com

Still, global industrial production – output of mining, utilities and manufacturing – is well below historical levels and China “remains the only real growth story”, Macquarie Group said in an August 15 note.

The impact of action early this year to stimulate China’s economy is now fading, the bank said.

China accounts for about 65 per cent of iron ore imports, takes 21 per cent of seaborne metallurgical coal and consumes about half the world’s copper, according to a joint report this month by Westpac Banking Corp and Australia’s Department of Industry, Innovation, Science.

BHP, Whitehaven Coal, Alumina and Evolution Mining are among the companies that Morgan Stanley’s Lim sees benefiting from the emerging Asia growth story. BHP’s second-half underlying profits jumped 95 per cent, while coal producer Whitehaven reported Thursday it swung back to a net profit in fiscal 2016 from a loss the previous year.

“We are not saying that we have discovered a new China, or that India is going to become the new China,” Lim said. “The underlying message is that the reason we are seeing demand coming from ex-China, is that it’s the emerging markets where we see the next leg of growth.”

Bloomberg

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Henry Sapiecha

 

Seven rare earth minerals that run our world-Infographic shows it all here

August 17th, 2016

7-Rare-Earth-elements-that-run-our-world-infographic chart image www.www-globalcommodities.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Henry Sapiecha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IS NEWMONT TO BE THE WORLDS LARGEST GOLD PRODUCER

July 29th, 2016

kalgoorlie-super-pit image www.www-globalcommodities (2)

The world’s number one and two gold producers both released second quarter results and production guidance the past week.

For Barrick Gold, 2015 year was the last period of 6m-plus ounces of production which was already substantially down from its peak of 7.7 million ounces in 2010 and 2011.

While its financials came in slightly below expectations the Toronto-based company stuck to its annual output forecast of between 5 million and 5.5 million ounces.

Barrick has been shedding assets at a clip in an effort to tackle its heavy debt load and to achieve its 2016 target will have to find another $1 billion before the end of the year.

Earlier this week there were reports the miner is close to selling its 64% stake in Tanzania’s Acacia Mining (LON:ACA) for as much as $1.9 billion. And buried in Barrick’s Q2 release was an announcement that it’s looking for a buyer for half of Australia’s Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines.

This deal will make Newmont the world's top gold minerNewmont Mining owns the other half and Barrick handed over operational control of the the iconic mine called the Super Pit to Denver-based Newmont a year ago. The mine some 600km west of Perth has produced 50 million ounces over 30 years and fully developed the cut will be 3.6 kilometers long, 1.6 kilometers wide and up to 650 meters deep.

Newmont would be the natural buyer and has expressed interest in the mine in the past which could fetch as much as $1 billion. The company sports one of the stronger balance sheets in the sector having embarked on a debt reduction program earlier than its rivals and recently selling its Indonesian Batu Hijau copper-gold operation for $1.3 billion.

Unlike many of its rivals Newmont has been building its portfolio and last year acquired the Cripple Creek & Victor gold mine in Colorado. Newmont also has five key projects that are in execution stage including the Turf Vent project in Nevada and Merian mine in South America expected to start production late in 2016.

Newmont said in its results its Northwest Exodus project in Nevada is approved and will start production this quarter. In addition unapproved projects “represent upside of between 200,000 and 300,000 ounces of gold production beginning in 2018.”

While far from certainties should Barrick’s deals go ahead, Newmont picks up Kalgoorlie, the companies’ production guidance pans out and all things being equal (which they never are in gold mining) next year Denver and not Toronto will be the home of the world’s number one gold mining company.

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Henry Sapiecha

Dominion Diamond to go ahead with Ekati mine expansion in Canada

July 7th, 2016

dominion-diamond-to-go-ahead-with-ekati-mine-expansion image www.www-globalcommodities.com

Canada’s Dominion Diamond (TSX, NYSE:DDC) has decided to proceed with a key expansion for its Northwest Territories-based Ekati mine, which would help keep the iconic operation in production until 2033.

The decision of moving forward with the development of the Jay pipe, located near Ekati’s existing Misery pit, was based on positive feasibility study results, the company said in a statement.

Dominion also expects to begin construction of a fourth pipe at its 40%-owned Diavik mine, Canada’s largest diamond mine and one of the oldest.The project, which includes building a dyke, draining part of a lake and digging an open pit, will be funded from existing cash and internal cash flow, Dominion said. Without the expansion, Ekati would have run out of its existing reserves by 2020.

In a separate statement, the company said it would focus on developing its core assets in the Lac de Gras region of the Northwest Territories and on buying back shares. As part of the plan, Dominion also expects to begin construction of a fourth pipe at its Diavik mine, Canada’s largest diamond mine and one of the oldest, which it co-owns with Rio Tinto (ASX, LON:RIO).

Additionally, the firm announced that chief financial officer Ron Cameron would step down on July 15 and vice president Group Controller Cara Allaway would take over as interim CFO.

Dominion is also selling its office building in downtown Toronto. That transaction, said the diamond miner, should be completed in the third quarter of fiscal year 2017.

The company is still assessing damage after a fire halted processing operations at Ekati on June. It is believed that more than 300 employees and contract workers are at risk of being laid off as a result.

www.worldwidediamonds.info

www.gem-creations.com

www.www-gems.com

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Henry Sapiecha

Luxembourg invests big time $$$ in space mining

June 24th, 2016

luxembourg-invests-heavily-in-space-mining image www.www-globalcommodities.com

Luxembourg is stepping up efforts to become Europe’s centre for space mining by agreeing to buy a major stake in US-based asteroid miner Planetary Resources.

While it was not immediately clear what the government’s initial investment in Planetary Resources Luxembourg would be, the parties said in a statement that the agreement seeks to speed up the development of technologies and lines of business toward the exploration and utilization of resources from asteroids.

The government has also opened a $225 million (€200 million) line of credit for entrepreneurial space companies to set up their European headquarters in Luxembourg.The tiny European nation is one of the euro zone’s wealthiest countries and already has a long-standing space industry, playing a significant role in the development of satellite communications.

While its drive to become a significant actor in the asteroid mining industry is rather new, the country has already taken major steps towards achieving that goal.

On Friday, it announced the opening of a €200 million (US$225 million) line of credit for entrepreneurial space companies to set up their European headquarters within its borders.

And last month, the government reached an agreement with another US-based company, Deep Space Industries, which will be conducting missions to prospect for water and minerals in outer space. Both parties are currently developing Prospector-X, a small and experimental spacecraft that test technologies for prospecting and mining near Earth asteroids after 2020.

Legal frame

Luxembourg’s administration is also working on a legal frame for exploiting space resources so that private companies can be entitled to the resources they mine from asteroids, but not to own the celestial bodies themselves.

Luxembourg invests heavily in space mining

Digital rendition of a robotic asteroid mining equipment. (Image courtesy of Deep Space Industries)

The only international legal body available dates back to 1967. The Outer Space Treaty, signed by the US, Russia and a number of other countries, says that nations can’t occupy nor own territory in space.

“Outer space shall be free for exploration and use by all States,” the treaty says, adding that “outer space is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.”

And while a discussion on the matter is bound to happen, countries such as the US, have decided to make their own rules. In November, President Barack Obama signed a law granting American citizens rights to own resources mined in space.

The ground-breaking rule was touted as a major boost to asteroid mining because it encourages the commercial exploration and utilization of resources from asteroids obtained by US firms.

Such law does include a very important clause, as it clarifies that US citizens are not granted “sovereignty or sovereign or exclusive rights or jurisdiction over, or the ownership of, any celestial body.”

Geologists believe asteroids are packed with iron ore, nickel and precious metals at much higher concentrations than those found on Earth, making up a market valued in the trillions of dollars.

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Henry Sapiecha

The world’s 40 biggest mining companies listed here in an infographic

June 15th, 2016

Coal-mining-machinery image www.www-globalcommodities.com

PwC’s latest report into the performance of the world’s 40 largest mining companies shows just what a watershed year 2015 was.

The management consultants’ Mine 2015 report shows the top 40 companies suffering their first collective net loss in history ($27 billion), a decline in collective market capitalization of 37% (to below half a trillion dollars from a peak of $1.6 trillion in 2010), the lowest return on capital ever, asset impairments totalling $53 billion (for a total of nearly $200 billion since 2010), record high leverage of 46% and operating expenditure cuts of $83 billion.

The entries, re-entries and movements up and down the ranking also provides insight into the changing landscape of global mining.

The authors point out that the market capitalization threshold for attaining Top 40 status remained consistent at $4.5 billion despite “the huge decreases in value of the top mining companies, and demonstrates that the new entrants are catching up.”

A lithium miner joins top ranks of listed mining firms for the first time as the price of the battery ingredient skyrockets

China is featuring more heavily. All four companies admitted to the list for the first time was from China, pushing out Canada’s First Quantum and Teck Resources. China now provides 12 of the top 40 listed mining firms versus six from Canada despite one Chinese firm dropping out.

Gold’s changing fortunes saw AngloGold Ashanti re-emerge in the ranking for the first time since 2013 although other top gold producers Goldfields and Kinross haven’t made it back onto the list. When grouped by primary commodity mined gold producers still lost a combined $12 billion in market value.

The only sector to show an increase in market value was rare earths with the world’s top producer of the 17 elements jumping 23 places in the ranking. Another technology mineral is showing up for the first time.

Even though it’s early days for the lithium boom, the Top 40 has already welcomed its first miner of the battery raw material. Sichuan Tianqi Lithium enters as the world’s 31st most valuable miner helped by a doubling of the price of lithium carbonate just over the final months of 2015 and predictions of explosive growth in demand spurred by the electric vehicle and mass grid storage market.

SPP

Henry Sapiecha

It must be pointed out that this list is for 2015 & may not represent an accurate current status in 2016

top-40-2015-mining-companies-infographic image www.www-globalcommodities.com

 

 

Afghanistan mineral wealth being looted by Taliban & others, experts say

May 4th, 2016

lapis lazuli images www.www-globalcommodities (2)

KABUL, Afghanistan — The brilliant blue stone lapis lazuli, prized for millennia, is almost uniquely found in Afghanistan, a key part of the extensive mineral wealth that is seen as the best hope for funding development of one of the world’s poorest nations.

Instead, lapis has become a source of income for the Taliban, smugglers and local warlords, emblematic of the central government’s struggle to gain control over the resources and rein in corruption.

Afghanistan is missing out in millions of dollars in revenues from lapis as illegal miners extract thousands of tons from the mines in northeastern Badakhshan province, according to experts and officials. A local police commander named Abdul Malik has control over a major mine, charges illegal miners to use it and pays the Taliban to allow him to operate, according to an internal memo to Afghan President Ashraf Ghani from his top adviser on mines, seen by The Associated Press, and a top official.

Smugglers bribe local officials to turn a blind eye as they transport the gems to Kabul and to neighboring Pakistan for sale, they said.

Stephen Carter, Afghanistan campaign leader at international advocacy group Global Witness, said the country’s mining sector “funds armed groups and is a major source of instability and corruption, not just in Badakhshan but across the whole country.”

Describing lapis lazuli as a microcosm of the mining sector, he said that without fundamental safeguards, especially to increase transparency and security in mining areas, “there is a real risk Afghanistan could face a chronic, resource-driven conflict.”

lapis lazuli images www.www-globalcommodities (3)

Javid Mujadidi, a Badakhshan lawmaker, estimates that 70 percent of the proceeds from the lapis lazuli “goes to the Taliban, who have a presence at the mine,” located in the province’s Kuran-wa-Munjan district in the mountains near the border with Pakistan. The extortion has helped fund the insurgency’s spread from the southern heartland to the previously peaceful northern provinces.

Afghanistan has reserves of coal, copper, iron ore, zinc, mercury, rare earths, gems such as rubies and emeralds, gold and silver, and much more. True values are difficult to assess, but Afghanistan’s mineral and petrochemical deposits have been valued at up to $3 trillion.

But little of that wealth is mined legally. Homegrown expertise in exploration, extraction and processing is poor. Inadequate infrastructure and lack of security keep international miners out, and recent ventures with foreign companies in iron ore, copper and gold have collapsed.

Afghanistan has a virtual monopoly on lapis, which has been mined in Badakhshan for thousands of years. Egypt’s pharaohs treasured lapis jewelry. Renaissance artists ground it to powder for ultramarine pigment. Today it is used for jewelry and ornaments.

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Legal mining peaked in 2014 at near 5,500 tons. Rough lapis lazuli ranges in value from $4 to $2,000 a kilogram (2.2 pounds), depending on quality. Illegal mining was rampant and, in an effort to stop it, Afghanistan’s National Security Council banned all lapis lazuli mining in early 2015.

 lapis lazuli images www.www-globalcommodities (1)

But the mines themselves were not secured to prevent illegal exploitation, so Malik was able to take control with apparent impunity, said the official. Malik pays the Taliban in the area about $440,000 a month in protection money, the official said. He spoke on condition of anonymity fearing reprisals from those involved in the illegal trade.

Malik could not be reached by the AP to comment on the accusations. Afghan media have also identified him as controlling lapis mining, and he has not responded.

Malik charges enormous rents to illegal miners allowing them to mine for 24 hours at a time, according to a Dec. 19 memo to Ghani from his senior adviser on construction, mines, water and energy, Mohammad Yousuf Pashtoon. The mines are being damaged by the high explosives that the miners use in an effort to get out as much as possible in their short permitted time, he wrote in the letter, a copy of which was obtained by the AP.

Pashtoon also said Malik’s son works for the Badakhshan branch of the national intelligence agency and warns his father of any intended operations against illegal mining or smuggling.

He also wrote that 5,000 tons of lapis mined illegally from Kuran-wa-Munjan was being stored in four districts.— Keran wa Menjan, Juram, Barak and Angam, where the Taliban have long had a presence — by the miners, transporters and traders who plan to profit from it. He wrote that 1,000 tons had already been moved to China. Lapis with an estimated market value over $1 billion had been under-declared and tax paid on stone valued at only $230,000.

The contraband lapis is transported to Kabul, hidden in trucks carrying fruit, coal or other commodities. In the capital, it is sorted for global markets and from there most is taken to the Pakistani city of Peshawar, though some is flown to Dubai, United Arab Emirates, or the Indian city of Jaipur. Throughout the process, the central government receives nothing in taxes, and instead all along the route, local authorities and powerbrokers benefit, extracting payments from smugglers.

In Peshawar, most of the lapis is bought by Chinese gem traders. With their purchases of precious stones, “the Chinese are funding the war in this country,” said the official.

The NSC, the president’s office and the Interior Ministry, which is responsible for security forces, refused requests for comment.

For traders who wish to work within the law, the ban has been financially debilitating. Jurm businessman Qari Abdulwadood has had 2.5 tons of legally extracted lapis in storage for two years at a cost of $8,000 a month. He said has already paid the pre-ban 15 percent royalty and would pay the 9 percent export tax.

“Now they want us to take it to Kabul, to a central storage facility, but there is no security on the way or once we get there. How can we find the foreign buyers who will be able to cover all our costs?” said another local businessman, Ahmad Jan, who has 120 tons of lapis stored in Badakhshan.

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Henry Sapiecha

NASA releases gold-covered telescope putting the Hubble to shame

April 30th, 2016

nasa-unveils-gold-covered-telescope-that-will-put-the-hubble-to-shame

NASA has finally unveiled the giant successor to the Hubble Space Telescope, the James Webb, which is equipped with a collapsible honeycomb-like mirror made of 18 gleaming, gold-covered pieces.

Scheduled to be launched in 2018, the $10 billion tennis-court-sized telescope is the result of a joint effort involving NASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency.

james web telescope images www.www-globalcommodities (2)

Ball Aerospace optical technician Scott Murray inspects the first gold primary mirror segment. (Image provided by NASA)

Each coffee table-sized mirror segment, weighing roughly 46 pounds (21kg), is made from beryllium and is coated with a fine film of vaporized gold to optimize the reflection of infrared light.

james web telescope images www.www-globalcommodities (1)

Rendering of the James Webb Space Telescope. (Image by Northrop Grumman | NASA )

The James Webb telescope has been described as a ‘time machine’ that could help unravel the secrets of our cosmos.

Unlike The Hubble, the new instrument will look in the infrared part of the spectrum, instead of capturing visible light. This will allow it to better see through clouds of gas and dust, where stars are being born, which should give us a view farther back to the beginning of the universe.

james web telescope images www.www-globalcommodities (3)

Standing tall and glimmering gold inside NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center’s clean room in Greenbelt, Maryland (Image provided by NASA)

Once launched, the James Webb will be the world’s biggest and most powerful telescope, capable of peering back 200 million years after the Big Bang.

Learn more about The James Webb telescope in the video below:

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Henry Sapiecha

WORLDS MOST NORTHERNMOST MINES IN FOCUS

January 12th, 2016

bluemarble_globe_west image www.spy-drones.com

The world’s northernmost mines are all located in just three countries; on Norway’s Svalbard archipelago in the Arctic Ocean you’ll find four of them. All are underground coal mines, operating in the rugged, frigid terrain between continental Norway and the North Pole.

Further south, in Russia, you’ll find Alrosa’s diamond mines. Nizhne-Lenskoye, in the Sakha Republic, is the fifth northernmost mine in the world.

ooo

Data provided by IntelligenceMine.com

#1 Gruve 7
Location: Norway
Owner: Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani
Type: Underground coal mine


#2 Barentsburg
Location: Norway
Owner: Arctic Ugol
Type: Underground coal mine


#3 Lunckefjell
Location: Norway
Owner: Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani
Type: Underground coal mine


#4 Svea Nord
Location: Norway
Owner: Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani
Type: Underground coal mine


#5 Nizhne-Lenskoye
Location: Russia
Owner: Alrosa
Type: Placer diamond mine


#6 Mary River
Location: Canada
Owner: Baffinland Iron Mines
Type: Open-pit iron ore mine


#7 Almazy Anabara
Location: Russia
Owner: Alrosa
Type: Placer diamond mine


#8 Sydvaranger
Location: Norway
Owner: Sydvaranger Gruve AS
Type: Open-pit iron ore mine


#9 Taimyrsky
Location: Russia
Owner: Polar Division (Mine Complex)
Type: Open-pit/underground cobalt, copper, gold, iridium, nickel, palladium, platinum, rhodium, and ruthenium mine


#10 Oktyabrsky
Location: Russia
Owner: Polar Division (Mine Complex)
Type: Underground cobalt, copper, gold, nickel, palladium, and platinum

OOO

Henry Sapiecha

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