Archive for the ‘INFOGRAPHIC’ Category

Seven rare earth minerals that run our world-Infographic shows it all here

Wednesday, August 17th, 2016

7-Rare-Earth-elements-that-run-our-world-infographic chart image











































































































Henry Sapiecha














































The Lunar Gold Rush: How Moon Mining Could Work [infographic]

Tuesday, May 26th, 2015

Humans are already going to extremes to get natural resources. Gold and platinum mines in South Africa go as deep as almost 4 km into the Earth’s crust, which is about twice the depth of the Grand Canyon.

Meanwhile, up high in the Andes are some of the biggest copper and gold operations in the world. In Peru, La Rinconada is the world’s highest permanent settlement at 5,100 m, and it is situated strategically between many artisanal gold deposits in the mountains.

However, there are two frontiers that humans are still exploring in their early stages: the deep sea and spacial bodies such as asteroids, planets, and the moon. Today’s infographic covers the prospect of moon mining.

While we often think of the moon as a pretty barren landscape, it turns out moon mining could take advantage of many natural resources present on the lunar surface.

moon mining image

Water is vital in space for a multitude of reasons, such as for use in human consumption, agriculture, or hydrogen fuel. It’s also cost prohibitive to transport water to space anytime we may need it from earth. Scientists are now confident that the moon has a variety of water sources, including water locked up in minerals, scattered through the broken-up surface, and potentially in blocks or sheets at depth.

Helium-3 is a rare isotope of helium. Currently the United States produces only 8kg of it per year for various purposes. Helium-3 is a sought-after resource for fusion energy and energy research.

Lastly, rare earth elements (REEs) are also at high concentrations on the moon. KREEP (Potassium, REEs, and Phosphorus) is a geochemical mixture of some lunar impact breccia rocks and is expected to be extremely common on the moon. This mix also has other important substances embedded, such as uranium, thorium, fluorine, and chlorine.

If a lunar colony is indeed in our future, moon mining operations may be an important component of it.


Henry Sapiecha

moon mining infographic image






Aluminum – the metal extraordinaire see the infographic

Friday, May 8th, 2015

Aluminum (or aluminium) is the world’s most common metal by crustal abundance, making up 8.2% of mass. It’s more common than iron (5.6%) and a whopping 1200x more abundant than copper.

However, it wasn’t discovered until 1827, and it was too expensive to isolate the metal. That all changed in 1886 when a college student in the US did an experiment in his woodshed


Courtesy of: Visual Capitalist

Aluminum (or aluminium) is the world’s most common metal by crustal abundance, making up 8.2% of mass. It’s more common than iron (5.6%) and a whopping 1200x more abundant than copper.

Despite its prevalence, aluminum was not isolated all the way until 1827. This is because it occurs only in compounds, and never in a free form. It also turns out that removing aluminum from these compounds is quite difficult, and an inexpensive process wasn’t discovered until 1886 by a college student in the United States. Charles Martin Hall was interested in the problem, and ran an electric current through a molten mixture of cryolite and aluminum oxide in a wood shed behind his house.

That dropped the price of aluminum drastically, and it became a household metal. Behind iron, aluminum is now the second most used metal in the world. Aluminum can now be found in everything: transportation (planes, cars, and more), buildings, machinery, consumer durables, packaging, and electrical uses.


Henry Sapiecha

50 years of Liquid Natural Gas [infographic]

Tuesday, April 7th, 2015

liquid natural gas storage tanks image

As we hit the milestone of 50 years since the first LNG export, Wood Mackenzie examine the current state, and future of the LNG industry.

This future looks particularly bright for the Australian market, with the country this year celebrating its 20th anniversay of LNG exporting, and set to become the 2nd largest LNG export in the world, only behind the US, eventually leaping into position as the world’s number one exporter by 2017.

liquid natural gas over 50 yrs infographic image


Henry Sapiecha

Oil sands in focus [infographic]

Tuesday, April 7th, 2015

oil-sand_in hand image

Visual Capitalists have put together a new infographic detailing the enormity of Canada’s oil sands region,and the role it has to play in the global oil industry.

Oil sands, or tar sands as some call them, have only recently been considered a seriously viable source of oil and hydrocarbons as higher oil prices combined with new technology has enabled profitable extraction and processing of the oil sand reserves.

The material, more commonly known as bitumen, are found worldwide, however approximately 71% of all resources are found solely in Canada.

The infographic below explains in detail the region, its reserves, how it compares globally, and who is mining them.

oil-sands infographic image


Henry Sapiecha


The world’s top 10 oil and gas companies. Infographic shows

Tuesday, April 7th, 2015

The world's top 10 oil and gas companies [infographic]

When North Americans think of oil and gas companies, they often think of the big private sector companies such as Exxon Mobil or ConocoPhillips. However, it is always interesting to look at the sheer size and scope of some of the major government owned (or partnered) oil and gas firms to really see the extent of the industry.
Saudi Aramco, the Saudi Arabian oil and gas giant, is by far the biggest energy company in the world. Saudi Aramco’s biggest field, Ghawar, generates 5 million barrels per day of oil, and the company as a whole makes more than $1 billion per day in revenues. The company’s value has been estimated around $10 trillion – the biggest company in the world. That’s about 15 times the size of Apple.
Gazprom and National Iranian Oil Company also produce 8.1 million and 6.1 million bpd equivalent. Meanwhile PetroChina, only one of three big state-owned oil giants in China, produces 3.9 million barrels each day.
With oil prices at their lowest in five years, it will be interesting to see how all of these companies respond.
Henry Sapiecha

Copper Porphyries INFOGRAPHIC: Everything you need to know about it here

Friday, March 13th, 2015


Henry Sapiecha


Wednesday, December 10th, 2014


India, the world’s second largest gold consumer after China, should start a bullion board to regulate trade and a spot exchange to offer uniform prices across the country, according to the World Gold Council.

In a study published Tuesday, the market development organization for the gold industry outlines seven key policy recommendations to monetize the 22,000 tons of gold stocks kept by Indian households:

1.     Establish an India Gold Exchange to ensure pricing standardization, increase transparency and improve supply and demand analysis.

2.     Establish a Gold Board to manage imports, encourage exports and facilitate development of the infrastructure needed to ensure the Indian gold market functions to maximum effect.

3.     Develop accredited refineries in line with international standards including upscaling the current domestic refineries.

4.     Allow Indian banks to use gold as part of their liquidity reserves. This would incentivize them to introduce gold-based savings products.

5.     Drive monetization of gold by incentivizing banks, revitalize Gold Deposit Schemes, introduce gold-backed investment and savings products.

6.     Create a more active marketing strategy for Indian handcrafted jewellery. This could boost exports and highlight India’s expertise in this highly-valued sector e.g. by promoting handcrafted ‘India-made jewellery’ like the Swiss-made watches.

7.     Drive the standardization of gold so that buyers and sellers can have faith in both the quality and price of their products. Introduce guidelines for compulsory quality certification of all forms of gold to encourage accountability and foster an environment of trust.

The report also assesses the policies adopted in countries like Turkey and China, which have faced challenges similar to India, but chose to devise public policies to monetize the local stock of gold. Here, some of the key findings:

Henry Sapiecha





Here is when the world’s resources will run out as shown in this infographic

Monday, September 8th, 2014


Here is when the world’s resources will run out

How many times have we heard humans are “using up” the world’s resources, “running out” of oil, “reaching the limits” of the atmosphere’s capacity to cope with pollution or “approaching the carrying capacity” of the land’s ability to support a greater population?

Studies there are many, but this infographic, posted in the popular social media site Reddit by CrazyHors3, shows you just how much is left.

Henry Sapiecha

born-in-2010-how-much-is-left-infographic image



Geosynthetics — an $18 billion market told in an INFOGRAPHIC:

Monday, September 8th, 2014

The use of geosynthetics, man-made materials used to improve the properties of soils and rock, is swiftly growing in the mining industry. It is estimated that miners use about 40% of the geosynthetics currently being manufactured and the demand is set to increase.

As InfoMine kicks off Monday the first international conference on the topic, and Visual Capitalist have produced this infographic that shows you just how important these materials have become.

Henry Sapiecha

INFOGRAPHIC: Geosynthetics — an $18 billion market

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